There are some simple signs to look out for if your Axolotl is in poor health.
1. If their tail is curled or their gills face forward that means they are stressed, when this happens its best to leave them alone but watch them for other signs of distress.
2. If they get a fungus on them that is usually due to bad water or the water is too hot for them
3. Occasionally if you have a few Axolotls together they may bite each other and they can lose part of their tail, feet and gills, but do not worry as Axolotls have the amazing ability to regrow them.
4. If a leg is bitten off it may grow fungus on it but this is not a major concern. The simple solution to this is to place your Axolotl in a plastic tub then pop it in your fridge. The cold water will slow down its metabolism and help get rid of the fungus and start regeneration of the bitten part.
To fridge an Axolotl get a clean tub with a lid (with holes in it) and put some fresh dechlorinated water in it. Remove your Axolotl from the tank and pop it in the tub. Place the tub in the middle of your fridge and place a tea towel on top so the light does not spook it when you open the fridge.
Each day change the water and pop it back into the fridge, you can do this for 3 days and it should be fine. You can then take it out and pop it back in its tank or keep it in the tub if easier.
NEVER USE A MEDICATION DESIGNED FOR FISH AS THIS WILL KILL YOUR AXOLOTL
5. Sometimes the Axolotl will float on the surface and be totally motionless, this is pretty normal as most times it is sleeping, but if it does it a lot it can either be its taken too much gulp of air and it will eventually exhale it and sink back to the bottom. If it does this longer than usual place it in a plastic tub with just enough water to cover it and its legs can touch the bottom. Then you can monitor its condition.
6. Axolotls have a primitive lung system so if they go to the surface for a gulp of air that is normal.
If you have any concerns about your Axolotl health send me an email with images and I can advise you.
Remember Axolotls are NOT fish so do not treat them like one
Is it a Fish? NO, Is it a Reptile? NO, Is it a Tadpole? NO......What is it?, It's an Axolotl